Green Infrastructure Planning Principles An Integrated Literature Review
Abstract: Green infrastructure is a strategically planned network of natural and semi-natural areas,including green and blue spaces and other ecosystems, designed and managed to deliver a wide rangeof ecosystem services at various scales. Apart from the ecological functions, green infrastructure,as a planning tool, contributes to social and economic benefits, leading to the achievement ofsustainable, resilient, inclusive and competitive urban areas. Despite recent developments, there isstill no consensus among researchers and practitioners regarding the concept of green infrastructureas well as its implementation approaches, which makes it often dicult for urban planners andother professionals in the field to develop a robust green infrastructure in some parts of theworld. To address this issue, an integrative literature review was conducted to identify whichgreen infrastructure planning principles should be acknowledged in spatial planning practices topromote sustainability and resilience. As a result of this literature review, the most commoneight green infrastructure planning principles were selected—connectivity, multifunctionality,applicability, integration, diversity, multiscale, governance, and continuity. These principles intendto promote and simplify the development and use of green infrastructure by dierent academicand implementation organizations and provide a more defined model for sustainable landscapemanagement in order to help practitioners and decision makers during the conceptualization andplanning of green infrastructure.